Types of spaniel dogs
There are three main types of the spaniel: field, field and labrador, and sporting/working. Each type has a slightly different look, height, length, and overall appearance.
The field spaniel or field spaniel-breezehound (or field spaniel-cocker) originated from an English crossbreed between the spaniel and the Norfolk terrier, the term "field spaniel" was first used in Great Britain to describe the crosses between the Field Spaniel and the Whippet. The early breeds of this type included the Fox, the Whippet, the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, the King Charles Spaniel, the Gordon Setter and many others. The field spaniel is bred as a companion dog in the United Kingdom.
The field spaniel is a tall, agile, energetic, friendly dog with a large head, short neck, and long bushy tail, typically weighing about . The height varies in the breed, but the English Kennel Club states the height is .
The coat varies from smooth to long and straight. The color is also variable, field spaniels may have color combinations ranging from red, blue, brindle, black, and tan. Field spaniels have short hair on their ears and on their feet. Field spaniels are not scent hounds, and have a distinctive odor. The breed is a working dog with a versatile coat, and with the use of a brush can be trained for pointing.
Field spaniels are a breed that are generally gentle and non-aggressive, but they can be quite boisterous in their play. These dogs are very loyal to family members, and will often follow its owner. They are affectionate with children, and will play with other dogs and cats without aggression. They are considered to be active dogs, and will have a strong and independent streak.
Field spaniels make good watchdogs and are alert to strangers. They are very intelligent and learn quickly, but can be easily frightened, so should not be expected to respond readily to strangers.
Field spaniels trace their lineage to Spain and Portugal, to hounds used in the hunting of the wild game that was a large part of the lives of the Spanish and Portuguese people of the Iberian Peninsula, and specifically those of the Pyrenees Mountain Range, in the western part of that peninsula.
The oldest written description of the Field Spaniel is in the 15th century, in the "Chanson de la Rose" of Robert de Boron, which stated that the spaniel "seemeth to have been bred in Spain of the noble dogs of the noblemen." In the late 1700s, Field Spaniels were brought to England.
Early show spaniels were called 'field spaniels', but they also became known as the 'red and white spaniel', the 'English spaniel', and 'American spaniel'.
Field spaniels are sturdy, square-bodied, short-legged dogs with a heavy head. They have a blocky skull, and a moderately long muzzle. They have rough, short, or grizzled coats, except on their faces and feet, where they have a double coat of long, coarse hair. Their colors range from sandy, tan, brindle, brown, red, black, or all-black. They can be solid black, or marked with white anywhere on the body. This is a very individual marking, and some show judges will frown on solid white dogs. They can have different coat colors in the tail, which, unlike the ears, is usually done in a single coat color (solid red or solid black), although some may also be solid white, or black with an all-white tail. Field spaniels are usually around at the shoulder and at the hip. The weight varies from . They are generally tall dogs with long legs. The Field Spaniel's head is usually square and heavy, with a big, blunt, wedge-shaped skull. Field spaniels usually have medium-size, almond-shaped eyes with prominent, full, wide-set, light-colored eyes. The ears are usually erect, pointed, and folded. Field spaniels are active and strong. In the early 1900s, it was not uncommon to see a show dog weighing up to and standing over . They have a full, rounded body, with thick, powerful legs. Field spaniels have a chest that is deep and wide, and shoulders that are well muscled. They are short-legged and have short, powerful limbs. The Field Spaniel is similar in size and proportion to the English Pointer. Field spaniels are considered to be large dogs by spaniel standards.
Field spaniels have a well-balanced temperament and are very alert. They are active and eager to please, which makes them very suitable for hunting. They are independent and can be stubborn and independent. They can be very stubborn at times but are very willing to learn. They are very loving and very loyal. They have an insatiable curiosity, and have a strong desire to please. They can be extremely protective of their owners. They are very confident and fearless. They will never back down. Field spaniels can be extremely stubborn. They can cause problems if left to their own devices. They are very protective of their owners and can get very jealous when strangers touch or talk to their owner. Some field spaniels have become "feral" or "wild" in their behavior, which means they are not fully domesticated. They are very vocal. Field spaniels can be very territorial and protective of their owners.
Field spaniels do not require any extra grooming or medical treatment to maintain good health, they are a healthy dog that is considered to be "normal." Field spaniels, even when they have some extra weight, do not become obese.
The ancestors of the modern field spaniel probably evolved during the last Ice Age, when the first early spaniels spread from Eurasia into North America. In contrast to the spaniels brought by the Romans to the islands off the coast of Spain, the American spaniels were smaller, had shorter legs, and were used for hunting rabbits and other game. When the climate returned to near-normal levels and the forests of central Europe began to produce a new food source, the modern field spaniel was created.
In 1760, a French hunter named Jean Cabanis received a Spaniel that belonged to the royal family. The French hunter bred this spaniel with other breeds, such as the Spitz and the Bulldog, and created the modern Field Spaniel, a hunting spaniel. During this time, Cabanis was the most successful game-dog hunter in Europe.
Cabanis sold his puppies to the royal family of Spain, where the Spanish Spaniel is still used today. Because of their intelligence, athleticism, and good hunting instincts, the Spanish Spaniel and the Field Spaniel are closely related, but the Spanish Spaniel is smaller.
A breed that was developed in New York, the American Field Spaniel, is very close to the breed of Cabanis. It is descended from a crossing of English Spaniel and German Shorthair Pointers. The American Field Spaniel can be distinguished from the Field Spaniel in its smaller size and shorter tail. In the 1800s, the first American Field Spaniel was bred, and the breed was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1875.
A breed that was developed in England, the English Field Spaniel, is also